There was a lot of positive news in 2019, but 2020 has already come and let’s see what new laws and prospects await us in the Russian far East and Siberia in the new year 2020. What’s planned at Russian Far East in 2020?
For the first time in Russia, the “far Eastern mortgage” was adopted. At the end of 2019, the Russian Government approved a program of preferential mortgages for residents of the Far East.
Now young families up to 35 years old and single-parent families with children can buy an apartment in the far East at a record low rate of 2%. The mortgage also applies to recipients of “far Eastern hectares” – they can build a house on their land, getting a loan at 2%. At the same time, there are no age restrictions for the recipients of a hectare. What’s planned at Russian Far East in 2020?
From 2020, a project office will be established on the basis of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East and the Arctic. It will include employees of the Ministry, representatives of the ARCHC, credit organizations, construction companies, as well as regional authorities. The main tasks of the office will be: monitoring the issuance of mortgages, monitoring the program in the regions, as well as developing measures to curb the growth of housing prices. The first meeting is scheduled for the second half of January.
Vladimir Putin instructed to “support and implement preferential mortgages” at the Plenary session of the V Eastern economic forum. On the eve of the Plenary session, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Yuri Trutnev and head of the Ministry of regional Development of Russia Alexander Kozlov announced the proposal to introduce preferential mortgages.
Teachers, doctors and paramedics who go to work in small localities will get “double support”. From January 1, 2020, the amount of one-time compensation payments to medical workers under the program “Zemsky doctor” and “Zemsky paramedic”, as well as to pedagogical workers under the program “Zemsky teacher” will be increased by 2 times the amount. Now the pay for rural paramedics, doctors and teachers will be two million, not one, as it was before.
The decision to increase the lift was announced by Vladimir Putin at the V Eastern economic forum, after a meeting of the State Council. Alexander Kozlov, head of the Ministry of regional Development of Russia, made a report on the need to support doctors, paramedics and teachers.
In 2020, payments will continue on the far Eastern demographic package of support for families with children, which earned in 2019. It includes:
The demographic package for the far East was developed by the Ministry of regional Development of Russia in 2019. Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Trutnev personally reported to the President of the Russian Federation about it, after which Vladimir Putin supported the introduction of the “demographic package”.
In 2020, the construction of 108 health, education, culture and sports facilities will begin. The money for this will be allocated as part of the so-called “far Eastern Unified subsidy”. The program is curated by the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the development of Far East and Arctic.
As part of its powers, the Ministry of regional Development of Russia allocates money for the construction, repair and modernization of social facilities. The program “single subsidy” is designed until 2022, the regions will receive a total of 94.3 billion rubles. These funds will be used to build 493 facilities, reconstruct 946 facilities and equip 203 social institutions.
“Flat tariffs” are extended for the entire year 2020. “Flat fare” is a program of “Aeroflot”, under which tickets are sold at a fixed price regardless of the season and date of purchase. Tickets at a “flat rate” in the economy class are available to any passenger without any restrictions. Flights are operated by Aeroflot and its subsidiary Russia. For example, the cost of a ticket on an Aeroflot flight from Moscow to Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky or in the opposite direction is 15 thousand 660 rubles (round-trip – 26 thousand 100 rubles). On flights of “Russia” between Moscow and Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and Magadan, the ticket price is 13 thousand 770 rubles (round-trip – 22 thousand 950 rubles).
Sales for discounted air tickets for 2020 are also open. Since 2019, subsidized flights have become year-round and the list of routes has increased. Right on privileged purchase of the ticket can use: women over 55, men over 60 years, parents with many children, invalids of I group, invalids since childhood of II and III groups of young people up to 23 years.
Aviation accessibility is an acute issue for the far East, so it is always under control in the Ministry of regional Development of Russia. The Ministry has built a close relationship on these issues with the Ministry of transport of the Russian Federation and the Federal air transport Agency.
In 2020, construction work will begin at the airports of the Khabarovsk and Kamchatka territories. In mid-December, at the suggestion of the Ministry of regional Development of Russia, both objects were approved by the Government Commission on transport.
In Khabarovsk, this is the second stage of construction of an international passenger terminal. Its area will be 19,000 m2, with a capacity of 700 people per rush hour.
The area of the new terminal at Yelizovo airport in Kamchatka will be 44,000 m2, and the capacity will be 1 million passengers per year.
In total, the Federal project “Development of regional airports and routes” provides for 40 measures for the reconstruction of airport complexes in the far Eastern Federal district.
In the spring of 2020, traffic will open on the first international road bridge between Russia and China Blagoveshchensk-Heihe. After the launch, the capacity of the bridge Blagoveshchensk (Russia) – Heihe (China) will be 630 trucks, 164 buses, 68 cars and about 5.5 thousand people per day.
Construction of the bridge began on December 24, 2016. Its length is 1080 meters. Each of the parties (Russian and Chinese) built exactly half – 540 meters. Parts were built synchronously from the two banks, their docking occurred on may 31, 2019. In total, the total length of the bridge crossing is 20 kilometers. This includes 6 kilometers of road in China and 13 kilometers of access roads on the territory of Russia, in which another 278 meters-a bridge over the Bayou Kanikurganskaya. The main bridge on the Russian side begins on the island, so it leads to the construction of the kurgans.
It is expected that in 2020, active work will begin on the future construction of a bridge over the Lena river in Yakutsk, a bridge to Russky island over Elena island in Primorye and a bridge over the Zea river in Blagoveshchensk.Russian In total, more than 1,000 bridges and 40 road overpasses at railway crossings have been declared in the draft program for the construction, reconstruction, and overhaul of bridge crossings in the far East.
The program was formed until 2035 on behalf of the President of the Russian Federation. The decisions were announced on December 10, 2019 at the Government transport Commission. Almost all the proposals of the Ministry of regional Development of Russia were taken into account.
In 2020, the e-visa mechanism will be expanded. The first reading in the State Duma on expanding the mechanism to mixed, river and road checkpoints has already passed. At the beginning of the year, all readings will be held and the resolution will be supplemented.
The first 6 checkpoints in the Amur and Jewish regions, Khabarovsk and TRANS-Baikal territories and the Republic of Buryatia will already work under the simplified entry procedure from the spring of 2020.
The e-visa mechanism has been in effect at air checkpoints in the Far East since August 2017. The application for an e-visa is accepted on a specialized website four days before the intended entry. E-visa is issued free of charge, without a consular fee. Citizens of 18 countries can apply for an electronic visa.
The tax free system will work in two far Eastern regions-Primorsky and Khabarovsk territories. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed a corresponding decree Of the government of the Russian Federation. Tak free is compensation for value-added tax when exporting goods outside the Eurasian economic Union.
So far, tax free is a pilot project. It was extended for the entire year 2020 and included at the same time the far Eastern regions. What’s planned at Russian Far East in 2020? In addition, now the project will be able to participate not only organizations that are registered in specific homes or on the streets, but the entire retail trade of the region. Of course, if it is conducted by Russian legal entities.
At the end of 2018, the far East was visited by almost a million foreign tourists, and the Primorsky territory is the third largest in the country in terms of the number of Chinese tourists (after Moscow and St. Petersburg), over 200,000 tourists from the Republic of Korea. However, the regions of the far Eastern Federal district were not included in the tax free pilot project before. And the Ministry of regional Development of Russia has repeatedly stressed the need to expand the program to international airports in the Far East.
The alignment of energy tariffs in five far Eastern regions has been extended for 2020. The mechanism involves reducing electricity tariffs for industrial consumers to the national average. In particular, in the Chukotka Autonomous district, the reduction in tariffs was almost 70%, in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) – 48%, in the Kamchatka territory, Magadan and Sakhalin regions – up to 34%. The tariff decreased for 86 thousand enterprises and 7 thousand budget organizations.
The mechanism allows far Eastern enterprises to save more than 27 billion rubles a year on electricity. The regions manage the saved funds independently, as a rule, they are directed to the development of the social sphere.
Ministry of development of the Russian Far East insists that the mechanism for equalizing energy tariffs should be extended until 2028.
In 2020, the Ministry of regional Development of Russia plans to develop at least 18 Federal laws. Among them are the laws on the expansion of tax benefits, the extension of the free port of Vladivostok to Blagoveshchensk, the creation of a medical cluster, on free bringing in the territory of the Magadan region, and others.
Legislative activity is one of the areas of work of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East and the Arctic. For five years, a unique regulatory framework has already been created for the far Eastern Federal district: 259 legal acts, of which 45 have the status of Law. In particular, changes have been made to industry and tax legislation, and the norms of the land and urban planning codes have been improved. 214 acts of the Government regulate administrative, budgetary and investment issues.
From January 1, 2020, the rate of export customs duty on the export of raw wood of the far Eastern species will increase to 60 %.
And from January 1, 2021, it will grow to 80 %.
This is done to ensure that roundwood is not exported from the country, but processed on its territory. Thus, due to the increase in duty this year (from January 1, 2019 by 25%), the export of unprocessed wood from the Far East decreased by 28.4 %, and the export of woodworking products increased by 4.4 %. This is the data of the far Eastern customs administration for 8 months of 2019.
“Debugging” of industry legislation is a separate and important work for the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East and the Arctic. Because it is necessary to create a favorable investment environment for potential investors, including developing measures to stimulate and support industries.
From 2020, the republics of Buryatia, Sakha (Yakutia), the TRANS-Baikal territory and the Jewish Autonomous region will be included in the program to increase labor mobility of the population. In total, 58 companies from 11 regions of the far Eastern Federal district are planning to participate in the program in 2020.
2019 for employers participating in regional programs to improve labor mobility in the territory of the far Eastern Federal district increased the amount of financial support for each involved employee with 225 thousand roubles to 1 million roubles by decision of the head of the RF subject. The labor mobility program has been in effect since 2015. Since the beginning of its operation, 2000 people have been attracted to the far East.
What’s planned at Russian Far East in 2020? Chukotka is waiting for immigrants. Since 2020, the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug will start operating a state program to assist in the voluntary resettlement of compatriots living abroad and their families to the Russian Federation. Chukotka remained the last of the 11 regions of the Far East where the state Program was not implemented. From January-a full far Eastern set.
In addition, since 2020, the list of municipalities where compatriots can move will expand in the Primorsky territory. This is a Big Stone and partisan. By the way, in three years, 16,300 compatriots moved to Primorye under the state Program.
Since the start of the state Program, the regions of the Far East have chosen more than 50,000 compatriots to move, including 5200 people in the 10 months of 2019. The main regions of settlement are Khabarovsk and Primorsky territories.
In the new academic year 2020 in the two far Eastern regions will earn 2 divisions of Federal universities.
In the TRANS-Baikal territory, a division of the National research technological University “Moscow Institute of steel and alloys” (MISIS) will open for training in the profile of “Mining”.
And in the Republic of Buryatia, on the basis of the East Siberian state University of technology and management, a division of the Moscow aviation Institute (MAI) will open in the profile of “Aircraft and helicopter construction” and “Design and technological support for machine-building production”.
For the first time in 40 years, the world Go championship will not be held in an Asian country! Players from more than 70 countries are waiting in Vladivostok. The championship will be held from may 28 to June 1 in 2020 on Russky island on the campus of the Russian far Eastern Federal University. For the first time in the history of the Championship, the all-Russian Go-Congress and the world Go festival are planned for everyone. The game will be available not only to participants of the world Championship, but also to each guest.
The time report before the Championship is already underway. As part of the sports program of the V Eastern economic forum, a ceremony was held to launch the clock that began counting down to the 41st world Cup in Go. Alexander Kozlov, Minister of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East and the Arctic, was chosen as the Chairman of the organizing Committee for the preparation for the world Cup.
Information provided by the Ministry of development Russian Far East. We are tried to provide the most complete information on the question “What’s planned at Russian Far East in 2020?”